History

2015
Roll-out Braunvieh Academy (5 modules) in various regions
2015 Launch of Braunvieh event "Braunvieh bi dä Lüüt" at HB farms in various regions
2015 Bylaws review: budget authority now to the Board
2015 Anniversary: 125th sire market in Zug
2015 Relaunch k-casein bulk milk test "Fromalys"
2014
Introduction of genomic testing for Original Braunvieh
2014 Introduction of the lab service FERTALYS
2014 Introduction of the consulting service for the so-called “production system contributions”
2013 Introduction of BrunaNet Mobile
2013 Introduction of the health data collection
2013 Introduction of the Electronic Mailbox (paperless herdbook).
2012 9th World Congress of Brown Swiss breeders, BRUNA 2012 with European Exhibition on 6-8 December 2012 in St. Gallen.
2012 Re-launch of CHbraunvieh and Braunvieh Schweiz website and review of Braunvieh Schweiz corporate identity across all communication tools.
2012 Access to social media via Facebook.
2012 Refurbishment of the Tract III completed. The Braunvieh Schweiz staff relocate to the refurbished rooms in Tract III.
2011 Start of the Elite Cow program.
2011 By resolution, the Assembly of Delegates changes the name of the federation into Braunvieh Schweiz.
2011 Introduction of Mastitis Identification (MID).
2011 1 January: milk analytics outsourced to Suisselab AG in Zollikofen.
2011 1 January: IT and breeding value estimation outsourced to Qualitas AG.
2010 Joining of the Jersey Cattle Association as a new collective member.
2010 Construction of the new Tract II at the Federation’s headquarters.
2009 Decision to cooperate with swissherdbook for milk lab, IT and breeding value estimation.
2009 Introduction of genomic selection.
2008 Launch of SchauNet (animal registration for livestock exhibitions via BrunaNet).
2008 Introduction of Kappa-Casein test for bulk milk or individual cows.
2008 European harmonization of Linear Type Evaluation and cow classification.
2007 Rules and regulations for breeding value estimation to ensure the quality of progeny testing.
2006 Adjustment of the correction factors in milk performance tests.
2005 Introduction of the SBZV print center for members and third-party customers.
2005 Introduction of SBZV breeding advice.
2005 Introduction of international estimated breeding values for productive life.
2004 Introduction of the Acetone Test.
2004 Inclusion of milk flow in total merit index and fitness value.
2003 New estimated breeding values for female fertility; inclusion of NRR and waiting period in TMI, fertility index and economy index; international estimated breeding values for somatic cell count.
2002 Introduction of estimated breeding values for fertility.
2001 Base adjustment TMI, milk production index, fertility index, economy index (mobile base, adjustment of the estimated breeding values in May each year).
2000 Introduction of estimated breeding values for productive life, test day model for milk traits and base adjustment, TMI, milk production index, fertility index, economy index and launch of the electronic marketplace on homepage and BrunaNet.
1999 Introduction of estimated breeding values for somatic cell count, animal model for morphology and launch of the mating program on BrunaNet (first online mating program worldwide).
1998 Launch of BrunaNet (first IT system for Brown Cattle breeders worldwide).
1997 100th anniversary and world conference.
1996 Launch of SBZV Homepage.
1995 Introduction of the breeding value for OB cows on the basis of the OB cow population.
1993 Introduction of the quantitative urea determination.
1992 For the first time, the formulation of the breeding aim is divided into a text part, that is adapted to today’s conditions, and a second part mentioning concrete requirements. Introduction of the BLUP animal model.
1991 Introduction of the somatic cell count.
1990 Kappa-Casein typing.
1988 General breeding value for cows and introduction of the fixed genetic base.
1983 Introduction of estimated breeding values for cows used in planned mating.
1978 The number of first inseminations with BS sires is – for the first time – higher than the number of inseminations with OB sires. Introduction of the general protein determination.
1971-1978 Large-scale test for the use of Brown Swiss sires. The purpose of BS mating is the enhancement of the genetic variance of Brown Cattle, the increase in milk yield as well as the improvement of the height at withers and the precocity.
1967 Preliminary test for the use of Brown Swiss sires.
1964 Introduction of the production points.
1963 Start of the milking ability test.
1958 Introduction of livestock population control in mountainous regions.
1954 Milk weighing that has so far been done by the owners is substituted with the official monthly control weighing.
1952 AI may be used against diseases transmitted through siring and for the better exploitation of particularly valuable sires.
1950 A strong resolution against AI is urged at the Assembly of Delegates.
1949 A delegation of the Board of Directors representing the Swiss Brown Cattle Breeders’ Federation travels to England with a view to clarify the truth about artificial insemination (AI).
1939-1945 In the years of war the word “efficiency” appears for the first time.
1938 The Swiss Brown Cattle Breeders’ Federation relocates its headquarters from Lucerne to Zug.
1935 The Confederal Herdbook Office is suspended. The tasks are conferred to the newly established Herdbook Office of the Federation.
1933 First edition of the informational “bulletin”.
1930 Around 1930, the real triumphal procession of the “beautiful cow” begins.
1921 Milk control weighing is introduced.
1920 Foundation of the Confederal Herdbook Office governed by the Confederation.
1913 Introduction of the pedigree certificate. 1st revision of the Federation’s statutes.
1910 Headquarters are relocated to Lucerne.
1902 First milk yield tests.
1897 7 February: foundation of the “Federation of Swiss Brown Cattle co-operatives”. Its headquarters are in Buenzen, canton of Aargau. First president elected is Dr. P. Knüsel, cantonal veterinarian of the canton of Lucerne.
1887 Foundation of the first breeding co-operative (Dürnten in the Zurich Highlands). From then onward, new foundations of breeding co-operatives can be registered all over the country. The Confederation encourages them with a contribution of CHF 300.00 to each foundation.
1880 Officially there remains one “entity” only, i.e. the “Swiss Brown Cattle”.

Brown cow, 7 years old. Swiss Agricultural Exhibition, Lucerne, 1881.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expressive, long bodied cow with fine legs. Very much emphasized on milk production, shortly before calving, 1883.

1879 1st Swiss Herdbook “Register of noble representatives of the Brown Cattle breed”.
1856/1862 Successes at the exhibitions in Paris and London, the first exhibition places to be visited. Visitors from America showed big interest in the exhibited cattle from Switzerland.
1848 The Swiss Confederation decides about economic measures to encourage cattle breeding. Various cantons exert influence on cattle breeding.
Till 1848 Whereas clearly defined breeding predominated on big monastery manors such as Einsiedeln, Engelberg, Muri and their surrounding areas, broad domestic breeding on little farms was left to its own device.
515 A.D Servatius, general to the Gothic King Theoderich, characterized that Alemannic cattle – in comparison to the local cattle – as ‘more precious due to their height’. Researchers of medieval history suppose that these Alemannic cattle originated from cross-breeding the wild urus, very common in middle Europe, with the small Germanic-Celtic domestic cattle. In our region an intermixture with the local ‘Torfrind’ occurred rather quickly. Only the cattle from the valleys of Grison have their own history. They originate from the ‘Torfrind’. The Rhaetian peoples were a pastoral tribe that immigrated together with their own breed in the fourth century. This breed had Primigenius blood flowing in its veins, but it originated from central Italy (Tuscany). As a whole, our Brown Cattle can in fact  be ascribed to the group of Shorthorn Cattle (bos brachyceros) with strong influences from the European urus (bos primigenius Bojan). Until recently, the question about the background of the sharp dividing line between Brown Cattle and the Simmental in our country remained unanswered. However, in the context of the “National research program on Swiss identity (NF 21)” the historians discovered a mysterious Napf-Reuss line in the course of their investigations into the remains of Celtic heritage. Not only does this line separate the juridical laws regarding heredity transmission of the farms, pagan customs, French and German playing-cards, but also the Brown Cattle from the Simmental Cattle. This means that the breed boundaries have Celtic roots.
200 A.D. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, the eastern part of our country was settled by the Alemannic peoples, a Germanic tribe with a special relationship to their animals. They brought along their own cattle.
2000-4000 B.C. In the territory known as Switzerland today, the oldest traces of human settlements are found by the lakes on the edges of the Alps. They originate from the lake-dwellers of the Bronze and Iron Age. Among their domestic animals they had the ‘Torfrind’ (Bos Brachyceros), a small, graceful animal with fine limbs and short horns. According to bone findings, their height at withers may have been around 120 cm and their weight around 400 kg. These cattle originating from the East (Caucasia and the Near East) represent the basis and therewith the point of departure of all cattle breeds from the central and eastern Alpine regions, thus also for our Brown Cattle.
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